DIY Natural Insect Repellent (That Actually Works!)

How to stop insects biting when you’re living it up in the great outdoors using Mother Nature’s bug repellent. This insect repellent will help repel insects and bugs, and is toxin-free and all-natural.

I started looking into making my own homemade bug spray when I began working out in the garden more (you see some seriously giant mosquitos out there!). I wanted something natural, that wasn’t chock-a-block full of harsh chemicals.

Commercial bug sprays and insect repellents tend to contain chemicals like DEET or Picaridin which are active ingredients that help repel mosquitos and other insects. BUT, there are mixed results about them when it comes to how safe it is for our bodies.

Heather of Mommypotamus points out:

N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) is the usual go-to for commercial bug spray. It’s incredibly controversial, and for good reason…. Dr. Abou Donia, a Duke University pharmacologist, found that “rats treated with an average human dose of DEET (40 mg/kg body weight) performed far worse than control rats when challenged with physical tasks requiring muscle control, strength and coordination.”

In the same study, Dr. Abou Donia found that DEET caused “neurons to die in regions of the brain that control muscle movement, learning, memory and concentration.” The pharmacologist says that children are at a higher risk for brain changes after DEET exposure because their skin absorbs it more readily.

The EPA even shares a long list of warnings and precautions for DEET.

The skin is an organ (the biggest organ in the body!), so whatever we spray/rub/apply/use on our skin will ultimately be absorbed into the body and bloodstream.

Below are a few recipes that help to deter insects of many kinds; ticks, mozzies, and other bugs that may be prone to biting.

Now, there are some concerns about putting these essential oils directly on the skin, particularly on children, so another option is to apply this spray onto clothing or gear instead of directly onto skin.

Using a combination of any of these essential oils works really well: citronella, clove, lemongrass, rosemary, tea tree, cajeput, eucalyptus, cedar, catnip, geranium, lavender, or mint. All of these oils have mosquito– and insect-repelling properties.

Before we get started in learning how to make these all-natural insect repellents – if you like what you’re seeing, subscribe to my email newsletter at the bottom of the page to keep up to date on the latest recipes, DIYs, gardening and health tips I share!!

DEET-free and super quick to whip together in your kitchen.

If you make these insect repellents, please let me know! Leave a comment below, and if you take a picture and share it, please tag me on Instagram @simplynaturalnessa or use the hashtag #simplynaturalnessa so I can see! I’d love to know how you went!

DIY Essential Oil Insect Repellent

I use 460-480 drops of essential oils – so it is very potent – so if you do choose to apply it onto skin, always test a small amount on a tiny part of your skin first, to ensure you do not react to it in any adverse way. For children, it is best to do the same, and only use kid-safe essential oil blends in the spray use on them (or apply it onto clothing). Avoid spraying your eyes and mouth.


To make:

  1. Place witch hazel, apple cider vinegar and essential oils in a glass spray bottle.
  2. Shake well.
  3. Apply liberally on exposed skin and/or clothing every 1-2 hours – or when the smell starts to dissipate – while outdoors, avoiding the eyes and mouth.
  4. Shake well before each use as the oils will naturally separate over time. Store in a cool, dry place.

DIY ultimate insect repellent tutorial

DIY Herb-Infused Insect Repellent

Rather than using essential oils, fresh or dried herbs can be substituted! For a stronger version of this recipe, prepare the herbs in alcohol to create a tincture, and apply this directly as a spray after straining out the herbs.

Using dried or fresh herbs (particularly those from the mint family) in your spray can effectively repel insects.


To make:

  • 1 cup distilled or filtered water
  • 1 cup witch hazel
  • 2 tbsp fresh or dried mint, finely chopped; spearmint, peppermint, etc.
  • 5-6 tbsp of any of the following fresh or dried herbs, finely chopped; catnip, citronella, lavender, cloves, rosemary, basil, geranium, lemongrass, etc.

To make:

  1. Bring 1 cup of water to the boil, then add herbs.
  2. Mix well, cover and let cool completely.
  3. Strain out herbs (and compost) and pour mix into a glass spray bottle, along with the water and witch hazel. Shake well to combine.
  4. Store in a cool, dry place, or in the fridge. Apply liberally on exposed skin and/or clothing every 1-2 hours – or when the smell starts to dissipate – while outdoors, avoiding the eyes and mouth.

DIY Tick Repellent

I use this spray anytime I go out hiking or camping, as it’s an effective way to repel ticks and bugs. It’s very potent and strong.

An all-natural, chemical-free way to keep bugs and insects away.

Wellness Mama shares a tick spray recipe using fresh or dried herbs, if you’re looking for a non-essential oil tick spray, and it’s very effective! The spray actually contains antiviral and antibacterial properties, so can be used as a tincture to help boost immunity when unwell; the adult dose is one tablespoon diluted in water, taken a few times a day, and for children over two years, the dose is one teaspoon diluted in water, taken a few times a day.

The following spray can be used on dogs, too, as a natural tick repellent; combine just the rose geranium oil, witch hazel and water together in a glass spray bottle, and apply.


To make:

  1. Pour witch hazel, water and essential oils into a glass spray bottle, cap it, then shake well to combine.
  2. Spray onto your clothes and/or skin, even on your dog to keep them tick-free!
  3. Apply liberally on exposed skin and/or clothing every 1-2 hours – or when the smell starts to dissipate – while outdoors, avoiding the eyes and mouth.
  4. Shake well before each use as the oils will naturally separate over time. Store in a cool, dry place.

DIY tick repellent tutorial

Other bug repelling tips include:

  • Planting insect-repelling herbs in your garden; lavender, thyme, mint, geranium, catnip, rosemary, basil, lemongrass, citronella, etc.
  • Rubbing fresh mint leavespeppermint, spearmint, catnip, pennyroyal, etc. – or citronella, lemongrass, basil, etc. all over skin to repel insects.

Spot-test for allergic reactions anytime you use a new product on skin, whether it’s natural or not.

As always, this is not personal medical advice and we recommend that you talk with your doctor before trying or using any new products. It’s important to check with a doctor before taking this or any new product, especially if taking any other medicine or supplement or if pregnant or nursing. Be sure to check ingredients to make sure there is no risk of an allergic reaction.

What are some of your tricks for keeping bugs away naturally? Share in the comments below.

Lots of love,

🖤 Vanessa


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Wells, Katie. (updated March 21, 2020). Risks and Dangers of Essential Oils. Wellness Mama. Retrieved from

DEET. (June 14, 2017). EPA. Retrieved from

Dessinger, Heather. Natural Tick Repellent Recipe. mommypotamus. Retrieved from

Jabs, Betsy. Natural Homemade Mosquito/Insect/Bug Repellent. DIY Natural. Retrieved from

Swale DR, Sun B, Tong F, Bloomquist JR. (August 7, 2014). Neurotoxicity and mode of action of N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET). NCBI. Retrieved from

Tiffany. (Updated: June 19, 2018). Homemade Bug Spray – No Essential Oils. Don’t Waste the Crumbs. Retrieved from

Homemade Rosemary Mosquito Repellent Recipe. (Updated: July 20, 2021). SF Gate. Retrieved from

Axe, Josh, Dr, DC, DNM, CN. (September 8, 2021). Homemade Bug Spray (and All-Natural!). Dr. Axe. Retrieved from

Johnston, Cassie. (Accessed: September 21. 2021). Homemade All-Natural Tick and Bug Spray (That Actually Works!). Wholefully. Retrieved from

Vance, Katie. (Accessed: September 21, 2021). A Natural Homemade Tick Repellent That Works!. DIY Natural. Retrieved from

Kelly from Primally Inspired. (June 3, 2015). Homemade Tick Spray. YouTube. Retrieved from